Leader needs to realize the benefits of outsourcing outweigh the drawbacks

Leader may benefits from their various actions to outweigh their drawbacks. Benefits from Outsourcing are:

  1. The time zone advantage  meaning, your job will be done while you are asleep and when you wake up next morning your service is delivered at right time. Example: IT/business process sector.
  2. Faster and better services by getting ideas converted into products and better at delivering the value-added proposition. Example: KFC
  3. Cost effective method. Example: it is said that, in 2010 if the average manufacturing wage of iPhone was about $2.00 in China then it would be $34.75 in America.
  4. Increase efficiency of company, as it can pay attention on key activity. Example: iPhone not only save money, but also save time and increase their creativity due to mixture of innovative ideas.
  5. Easy access to skilled resource. While catering towards the world business can find well educated, experienced in handling the needs with potential customers. Example: Ford India exports 40 percent of its engine production and 25 percent of its car production to south Asia including Nepal

The darker side of globalization

Multinational companies shifts towards Asian and African countries,

which has their own benefits and drawbacks too. These countries

has lots of resources which are being used irrationally.

Domestic industries in some countries are in endangered situation.

The misuse of resources to meet complex demands in the production are increasing day by day. The income level of people and their own country

country does not match due to internal conflict.

unmanaged dumping site

Example: the practices of race, cast and cultural disparity. The corruption and political instability

has affected the sustainability of growth in developing

country like Nepal.These countries may end up sinking much of local production. Capital mobility alongside labor inflexibility has reduced the bargaining power of organized labor. Labor privileges and rights has not been protected. International guidelines on trade and finance are unequal which has

unbalanced effects on rich and poor countries. Country like India, China, Bangladesh etc. are worried that globalization would interrupt on cultural integrity and social stability. The fear of inflowing western culture in the

society. Example: Monsanto Company. According to the India Committee

of the Netherlands and the International Labor Rights Fund, Monsanto also employs child labor. The terror of transmitting epidemic diseases like Ebola.

The thriven trans-border crime like terrorism, human and drug trafficking, crime and piracy.

Developing cross-cultural literacy in business.

 Culture is the set of values, beliefs and institutions of a specific group
 of People. It includes attitudes, manners and customs, social structure,
 religion etc.
 
Managers working directly in international business should 
develop Cultural literacy. Understanding the contextual differences. 
High context society accept message on contextual cues. They reach to
the decisions quickly. Avoid confrontation and debate. Whereas low 
context society emphasis on written. They accept open disagreement.
 
Nation’s dominant in language, race, lifestyle, values, attitudes,
 or other characteristics. It is important to develop cross-cultural
 literacy to respect Values people are emotionally attached.
 It helps to understand Attitudes towards toward objects or concepts.
Example: in Japan people are punctual for conferences, 
and keep tight schedules. Whereas in Brazil people
 are casual about time.
 
When doing business abroad, Developing Cultural Literacy
 in international business enables a person to function effectively
 within the organization. Cultural literacy brings a company closer
 to customer needs and desires and improves competitiveness. 
Avoiding Ethnocentrism eliminates staff’s unresponsive 
to cultural distinctions.
Culture can force companies to adjust business policies
 and practices to suit local culture. It is important to understand
 manners and customs to avoid mistakes. Cultural knowledge 
improves the ability to negotiate, market the products effectively, 
and manage international operations.
e.g., conducting business during meals in US 
is acceptable but not in Japan.
 

Illegal immigrants: A country’s economy growth engine or a ethical dilemma

Measuring the illegal immigrants with the perspectives of ethics:

  • Utilitarianism perspective

Believes that the action is right if it produces the most utility. In America immigrants represent a growth engine in an economy. It has maximized the pleasure of the Americans’. It proves the illegal immigrant to be ethical.

  • The de ontological perspective:

It gives the guide line that meet given three criteria to measure the ethics.

  1. Reversibility: Only if the performer is willing to accept the same treatment from other. Is business practitioner ready to accept same treatment from the general Americans’?
  2. Universality: An action is morally right if its maxim can become a general rule for everybody acting similar situation. Is that possible selling products and services by accepting the ID issued by their native countries only?
  3. Respect for human being as persons with their own free will. Which mean the business practices is not consider ethical because it respect the human dignity of the immigrants but not of every Americans’’.

The measurement of behavior through the perspectives shows that the principle of utilitarianism is in the favor of illegal immigrants whereas, the principle of deontology is against it.

I believe that the illegal migrants fill the jobs by employed in chicken plants, flooring mills and building/construction where Native Americans refuse to take and generally helped to boost the economy. Several parts of the state, Natives aren’t easy to get at any charge.

Whereas, Immigrants are offered to work for low wages and no benefits. Those immigrants not only reduce pays but also host the problems, like undermining security.